1. Monetary Plurality in Local, Regional and Global Economies
by Georgina M. Gómez (ed.) (International Institute of Social Studies – Erasmus University)
Description. The idea that each country should have one currency is so deeply rooted in people’s minds that the possibility of multiple and concurrent currencies seems unthinkable. Monetary systems contribute to problems of high unemployment and social distress during financial and economic crisis, so reforms to increase the responsiveness and flexibility of the monetary system can be part of the solution.
This book discusses ‘monetary plurality’, which is the circulation of several currencies at the same time and space. It addresses how multiple currency circuits work together and transform socio-economic systems, particularly by supporting economies at the local level of regions and cities. The book shows that monetary plurality has been ubiquitous throughout history and persists at present because the existence of several currency circuits facilitates small-scale production and trade in a way that no single currency can accomplish on its own.
Monetary plurality can improve resilience, access to livelihoods and economic sustainability. At the same time, it introduces new risks in terms of economic governance, so it needs to be properly understood. The book analyses experiences of monetary plurality in Europe, Japan, and North and South America, written by researchers from East and West and from the global North and South. Replete with case studies, this book will prove a valuable addition to any student or practitioner’s bookshelf.
1. The monetary system as an evolutionary construct – Georgina M. Gómez;
2. Monetary Plurality in Economic Theory – Jérôme Blanc, Ludovic Desmedt, Laurent Le Maux, Jaime Marques-Pereira, Pepita Ould-Ahmed and Bruno Théret;
3. Making sense of the plurality of money: a Polanyian attempt – Jérôme Blanc;
4. How does monetary plurality work at the household level? The division of labour among currencies in Argentina (1998-2005) – Georgina M. Gómez;
5. Monetary federalism as A concept and its Empirical underpinnings in Argentina’s monetary history – Bruno Théret;
6. Famine of Cash: Why Have Local Monies Remained Popular throughout Human History? Akinobu Kuroda;
7. The pervasiveness of monetary plurality in economic crisis and wars – Georgina M. Gómez and Wilko von Prittwitz und Gaffron;
8. Birth, Life and Death of a Provincial Complementary Currency from Tucuman, Argentina (1985 – 2003) – Bruno Théret;
9. Community Currency and Sustainable Development in Hilly and Mountainous Areas: A Case Study of Forest Volunteer Activities in Japan – Yoshihisa Miyazaki and Ken-ichi Kurita;
10. Sustainable Territorial Development and Monetary Subsidiarity – Marie Fare;
11. Relationship between people’s money consciousness and circulation of community currency – Shigeto Kobayashi, Takashi Hashimoto, Ken-ichi Kurita and Makoto Nishibe;
12. Gaming Simulation using Electronic Community Currencies: Behavioural Analysis of Self-versus-Community Consciousness – Masahiro Mikami and Makoto Nishibe;
13. For the policy maker: when and how is monetary plurality an option – Georgina M. Gómez.
2. Das Geld neu erfinden: Alternative Währungen verstehen und nutzen, Versus: Zürich
by Jens Martignoni
The author provides with this book a very good introduction to the topic of „alternative currencies“ for the general public.
Description. Die Finanzkrise hat deutlich gemacht, dass Geldsystem und Währung entscheidenden Einfluss auf das Funktionieren unserer Wirtschaft nehmen – und dieses auch empfindlich stören können. Entsprechend ist das Vertrauen in das bestehende Finanzsystem stark erschüttert. Gibt es nicht ganz andere Geld- und Währungsmodelle? Solche, die wieder ein festes Fundament für eine nachhaltige und zukunftsfähige Wirtschaft bilden könnten?
Jens Martignoni gibt in einfacher und knapper Form einen Überblick über die aktuelle Diskussion zum Thema alternative Währungen und stellt die erfolgreichsten Beispiele vor. Dabei spannt er den Bogen von Quartier- und Lokalwährungen über Gutscheinsysteme bis hin zu neuesten Entwicklungen der Fintech.
Das Buch vermittelt Leserinnen und Lesern das Wissen, um sich zu orientieren, mitzureden und auch mitzutun, indem sie selbst solche Währungen nutzen oder sich an neuen Konzepten.
3. Les monnaies alternatives
by Jérôme Blanc (Triangle, Sciences Po Lyon, France)
Description. Les monnaies alternatives sont des dispositifs monétaires mis au service d’une transformation socioéconomique. Depuis le début des années 1980, elles se sont multipliées et se sont diversifiées dans un grand nombre de pays, selon une ampleur inédite à l’échelle des sociétés industrielles. C’est un bilan analytique de cette dynamique que propose cet ouvrage.
Dans ce but, il établit une typologie des monnaies alternatives en sept groupes, des SEL aux cryptomonnaies en passant par les banques de temps et les monnaies locales. Après avoir précisé les finalités et les cadres théoriques et doctrinaux de ces monnaies, il distingue des monnaies par lesquelles est recherchée en priorité une transformation sociale et d’autres par lesquelles c’est l’orientation du système économique qui est d’abord visée. Il analyse la place respective de l’échange marchand et de la réciprocité selon les dispositifs. Il évalue enfin leurs réussites et leurs difficultés, en soulignant les deux enjeux importants que sont leur contribution à une radicalisation démocratique et l’hypermonétarisation qu’elles favorisent.
4. Time Bank as a Complementary Economic System: Emerging Research and Opportunities
by Lukas Valek (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic) and Vladimir Bures (University of Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic)
Description. Contemporary research in the field of time-based currency has generally been unstructured and takes a retrospective point of view. In practice, approaches to this field commonly taken until now have shown that there can be as many points of view as there are researchers. Time Bank as a Complementary Economic System: Emerging Research and Opportunities provides a systemic study of a soft system called the Time Bank, a reciprocal service exchange that uses units of time as currency. This publication explores the contemporary context of Time Bank and describes the most recent research methodologies and results. Its content represents the work of business exchange, knowledge management, and soft systems, and it is designed for economists, managers, business professionals, social scientists, academicians, and researchers seeking coverage on topics centered on soft systems and their economic influence.
11th International Social Innovation Research Conference – ISIRC 2019
Please find below the call for papers for ‘11th International Social Innovation Research Conference.’ One of the streams (‘Alternative economic organising for social innovation: Ecologies of context and relations‘) mentions specifically community currencies. This stream draws on the “diverse economies” approach.
Read the full description of the panel Alternative economic organising for social innovation: Ecologies of context and relations.
Paper abstracts must be maximum 300 words, excluding references. They should articulate: the research objectives or questions being addressed; the conceptual or theoretical perspectives informing the work; where appropriate, the methodology utilized; and the contribution of the paper to knowledge in light of the conference themes.
Optional full paper submission for consideration in best paper awards is due no later than 31st July 2019.
A maximum of two abstracts may be submitted per presenter (joint papers to be presented by co-authors will also be considered).
All paper abstracts must be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org. On abstract submission please ensure you advise the conference stream.
Panel proposals must be maximum 400 words, excluding references. They should include: the panel purpose and its relationship to the nominated conference stream; details of (minimum) three and (maximum) four papers and paper presenters to be included in the panel; and the expected contribution to the panel.
All panel proposals must be submitted to email@example.com
Best Paper Competition
To be eligible for the Best Paper awards you will need to submit a full paper by July 31st. Papers should be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org
Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format in font 12 with double spacing. Articles should be between 6500 and 9500 words in length with a maximum 300 word abstract. This includes all text including references and appendices. You should provide a title page with details of authors. References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency.
• All tables and figures/diagrams should be included in the text
• Selected full papers will be fast-tracked for publication in Special Editions of: the Journal of Social Entrepreneurship and Social Enterprise Journal
Abstract and panel proposals submission: Closes 28th February 2019
Decision on submissions: Notification by 31st March 2019
Full papers submitted for consideration in best paper awards due: 31st July 2019
Enquiries about conference administration and technical issues related to online submission should be directed to the conference administration team at email@example.com
More info at the original sources:
The Hamburg Institute for Social Research is offering up to three scholarships for doctoral projects that seek to analyze empirical phenomena of monetary (dis-)orders with the aim of further developing debates on monetary theory. Proposals should focus on studying empirical phenomena that have not yet been considered by research or be dedicated to re-visiting previously explored issues and empirical evidence with new theoretical equipment. Of course, the ideas themselves can also become the subject of observation, provided that this is done with reference to monetary realities.
This call for proposals responds to developments in economic sociology, the history of capitalist cultures, political economy, and the anthropology of economic practices, in which modern economic forms are increasingly reflected upon as monetarized economies. All in all, these reflections are based on conceptual considerations on the question of what money actually is. For too long, perspectives on economic sociology, economic history, and political economics in particular have been marked by a neglect of theoretical considerations regarding money. Modern economies were commonly examined as market exchange economies, a theoretical framework that presupposes money as a functional condition, but is not specifically focused on modern economies as monetarized economies. Although empirically ubiquitous, in the research on processes of marketization and practices of market exchange, money itself has occupied a theoretically subordinate position. By placing empirical observations of money and its theoretical reflection at the center of capitalism research, however, it becomes possible to further develop alternatives to increasingly questionable, well-established conceptualizations of modern economies.
The scholarships will be awarded for innovative project ideas that deal with empirical cases to critically engage in these theoretical debates and seek to articulate independent positions. Proposals do not necessarily have to be premised on a preliminary decision as to whether money is to be addressed as a medium of exchange, as an “absolute” social means (of exchange), as credit—that is, a creditor-debtor relationship—, as a diverse collection of culturally shaped monetary practices, or in another, very different way. What is important is that the proposed research projects seek to make theoretical decisions on the basis of careful deliberation and scrupulous assessments that constitute significant and competitive contributions in the context of current debates. Under no circumstances should the following list of possible topics therefore be considered complete:
- How and why do alternative means of payment (such as local or crypto currencies) arise and how do multiple currencies and monetary orders coexist, what interactions or interferences arise between them, and what social effects do these contacts have?
- What role do monetary orders play in macroscopic developments of global inequalities?
- Are changes or structural continuities of monetary orders related to other socio-economic transformation processes such as digitalization?
- How has the functional, economic, or social significance of cash changed; how can we assess the current debate on the opportunities and risks of abolishing cash from a sociological and political-economic perspective? What is the relevance of cash as a field of business and as a growing global market for research on and theories of money?
- What significance do monetary hierarchies between currencies and between forms of money have for global power relations; how do these relations change as a result of transformations in the global economy and the economic rise of states and regions?
- What significance do monetary hierarchies and the shift of the privilege of money creation to private banks have for the economic dynamics and stability of financialized capitalism?
- What role do nation-states play for the creation and maintenance of monetary orders—in theory and in practice? How “monetarily sovereign” are modern states, that is, do they have the capacity to finance every expenditure, independent of their revenue?
- To what extent can reflection on the nature of money contribute to our understanding of the construction, development, and crisis of Europe’s supranational currency?
- Do financial and economic crises have dimensions relevant to a theory of money?
- What role does the value or purchasing power of money play for different theories, and what explanatory approaches do we have and need in order to record changes in monetary values and relations? Is there a need for a new, non-economic theory of inflation and if so, what would it be like?
- Do we need a theory-sensitive analysis of the history of ideas of money and monetary orders, because the existing ones are shaped by certain theories of money that may be questionable from today’s perspective?
- Which social conflicts that are linked to the design of monetary orders can be identified from a contemporary and historical perspective? To what extent is making such distinctions useful for furthering the analysis of economic change; that is, how sensitive must the history of capitalism be with regard to the significance of money?
The Hamburg Institute for Social Research has a tradition of focusing on the phenomenon of violence. Research projects that can bridge the gap between theoretical debates on violence and analyses of monetary (dis)orders are thus especially welcome.
The scholarships carry a monthly stipend of 1400 Euro. This is a base amount. Scholarship recipients will receive supplements for one or more children and may be eligible for further supplements. Detailed information can be found here. The scholarships will be awarded for two years with an option for an extension of up to two further years.
Scholarship-financed research projects at the Hamburg Institute for Social Research come with an additional budget for travel, books, and other research-related expenses that are appropriate to the requirements of the respective project. A workplace will be provided, and regular presence at the Institute is expected for the duration of the scholarship.
Applicants must have an above-average degree in sociology, history, cultural studies, political science, economics, or a related discipline.
Applications with cover letter, curriculum vitae, an academic work sample (master thesis, term paper), certificates and transcripts showing grades for all courses completed, and an outline of the proposed doctoral project or a collection of sketches of ideas (five pages maximum) must be submitted in a single PDF document by e-mail to monetary-orders(at)his-online.de. The closing date for applications is 18 November 2018. The earliest date for funding is 1 March 2019.
If you have any questions regarding the content of this call, please do not hesitate to contact us at the e-mail address provided.
When: from Friday September 14 to Sunday September 16.
Where: Giovinazzo, Bari (BA), Italy.
Participation fee: 100€ (food and accommodation included).
Different kinds of “other currencies”, social or community, local and complementary, are attracting increasing attention also in Italy. However, the role that this social innovation may have in fostering solidarity and sustainable economy remains largely underestimated.
Italian RES (i.e. Solidarity Economy Network), RetiCS research group (i.e. Community Currencies Network), Solidarius Italia and Decrescita Association organize a Workshop in Giovinazzo (Bari, BA), dedicated to the adoption Community Currency Systems into the Solidarity Economy Network.
The school is opened to social activists, scholars and practitioners. The arrival of participants is expected for Thursday evening 13 September and It will finish on Sunday morning 16 September at 1 pm.
The participation fee is 100 € (70 € for unemployers and students). It will cover the costs of food and accommodation in a shared dormitory for all three days of school.
The accommodation will be provided by Casa per Ferie Fra ‘Camillo Campanella (Seminario Fratelli Cappuccini) distant 1 km from the downtown of Giovinazzo and the railway station.
At the beginning of September there are still available about ten beds. For those who do not want to sleep in the shared dormitory you can find accommodation at around 30 euros per night in B&B located in Giovinazzo.
For info and registration send an email request to firstname.lastname@example.org call (+39) 348 0438238.
For more information: http://www.retics.org/2018/07/22/scuola-laboratorio-monete-altre-strumenti-di-scambio-e-credito-mutuale-per-le-comunita-e-le-economie-solidali-giovinazzo-di-bari-1416-settembre-2018/
BLOCKCHAINS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: Monetary Innovation and Complementary Currencies Researcher Symposium
Date: Thursday 25.10.2018.
Time: 10h00 – 13h00 (10:00 am to 01:00 pm).
Venue: Room S4, Palais des Nations, Geneva, Switzerland.
Researcher Symposium on Monetary Innovation and Complementary Currencies at the United Nations on Thursday 25.10.2018.
We welcome post-doctoral, doctoral, and master researchers who work on the topic of monetary innovation, monetary decentralization, in a digital currency or physical currency format, using a blockchain or cryptographically-secured currency or not, with a focus on the broader implications of these innovations for a sustainable society, whether from a legal, sociological, developmental, political, anthropological, management or economics perspective.
Blockchains for Sustainable Development is an event that will be held at the UN World Investment Forum at the Palais des Nations in Geneva, Switzerland on October 24th. This forum will be exploring the practical and regulatory implications of blockchain and cryptocurrency technologies. As the co-organizers of this session, Prof. Dr. Jem Bendell and Stephen DeMeulenaere have been active for many years on the subject of complementary currencies and the design of money for cooperation and sustainability, they have initiated this Researcher Symposium to encourage further research in this field. This Researcher Symposium, organised and facilitated by doctoral fellow Mag. Christophe Place, hopes to gather the contributions of as many postgraduate level students as possible.
Every participant will present their research. The format will be 5 minutes presentation (researcher profile, research question, methodology, findings, contribution), 5 minutes questions and answers. UNRISD researchers will attend and provide feedback on the presentations.
To request participation as a presenter, fill-in the form on https://goo.gl/forms/GxMVbVo8OhxaWwiv1 by Tuesday 25.09.2018 with the following information: Forename, SURNAME, Institutional Affiliation, Research Title, Research Abstract (max. 200 words), Email, Phone (facultative). By confirming your participation, you agree on sharing this information and your presentation with all participants if selected as a suitable candidate to present.
Register for the World Investment Forum on http://www.b4sd.net/.
Organized by the Institute for Leadership and Sustainability (IFLAS) at the University of Cumbria. IFLAS thanks Blockchain Charity Foundation and the Made In Africa Initiative for supporting our work. Thanks also to Pundi X for assistance provided.
Social Solidarity Economy and the Commons: Envisioning sustainable and post-capitalist futures
In response to the current global social and environmental crisis, various social movements are developing alternatives to the socio-economic status quo by mobilizing endogenous practices, institutions and resources and networking among grassroots initiatives. Within these movements stands out Solidary Social Economy and the Commons. This international and interdisciplinary conference, guided by an action research strategy, aims to respond to challenges that have arisen from recent research on forms of shared governance between the state, the market and the third sector, promoted by movements and public policies for the Social Solidarity Economy, as well as criticisms made by some authors.
- How to promote a strong sense of community belonging while preventing the emergence of totalizing visions, ensuring pluralism and promoting democratic deepening?
- How to promote shared governance strategies between the state, the market and the third sector in which participants can autonomously construct themselves as economic and political subjects?
- How to promote organizations based on the constitution and / or management of Common Goods (Integral Cooperatives, Ecovillages, associations of users and / or producers, etc.) based on fair, inclusive and participative forms of governance, and integrated into grassroots socioeconomic dynamics?
The purpose of this event is to promote an inter-sectoral dialogue on this topic at the international level.
Further information at the original website: https://ssecommons.cei.iscte-iul.pt/location/